Fox - Mitchell - Leffingwell

Maud Fern Fox, daughter of George Washington and Clara Jane (Mitchell) Fox, born in Valparaiso, Saunders, Nebraska, 26 May 1891; died in Orange, Texas, 8 February 1991; buried in Blackfoot, Bingham, Idaho. She married in Pocatello, Bannock, Idaho, 12 Jun 1913, Norman Elijah Bingham , son of Elijah Norman Bingham and Mary Frances (Fife) Bingham, born in Ogden, Weber, Utah, 28 June 1892; died in Blackfoot, 18 May 1974; buried in Blackfoot, 22 May 1974.

George Washington Fox, son of Anthony Wayne and Julia M. (Leffingwell) Fox, born in Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, 23 November 1857; died in Oakland, Alameda, California, 25 January 1935. He married in Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska (at the residence of C. W. Kincely), 15 July 1883, Clara Jane Mitchell, daughter of George and Elizabeth Ann Vernon (Little) Mitchell, born in Eden Township, La Salle, Illinois, 30 June 1864; died in Oakland, 24 May 1955 .

Shown in the 1880 census as living in Clear Creek, Saunders, Nebraska; 24 years old; mother and father born in Ohio. A farm hand for the Frederick family. His relationship to the head of the family (Frederick) was noted as "brother-in-law" (George's sister Alzina married Albert Wesley Frederick in 1869)

From the autobiography of his daughter, Ethel Elizabeth Rupp: "Dad was seven years older than mother when they were married ... so he had had time to study and work at trying to qualify for a teacher's position. I think he went for a while to some college in Ames, Iowa, but I wouldn't be sure. When he taught 9th and 10th grades in Springfield, he'd study ahead of his students. He had a lot of books and got a lot of his knowledge for himself. His brothers were a little jealous, I guess, because they always threw it up to him that they had more money than he, even if he was the most educated."  For other details of G.W.'s life see the biography of his wife, Clara Jane, below.

We find [thanks to Linda Hedlund] the following notices from The Independent [Wahoo, Saunders County]:

[May 17, 1883, p. 3, col 3]  "Prof. G. W. Fox is teaching the school at Clear Creek this summer, with his usual success.  Mr. Fox is a very pleasant gentleman, has had good success as a teacher, and we are pleased to note his laudable ambition in his chosen work."

[6 March 1884, page 3, column 5]: "Our genial friend, G. W. Fox, of Clear Creek, sends us some fine specimens of his penmanship.  He is coming to Weston soon to teach a class in this art.  Remembering that Mr. Fox ranks well with the best pen men of the state, our town will surely give him due patronage."

[28 August 1884, page 3, column 4]: "A brand new 10 lb. boy down at the residence of G. W. Fox, in Yutan.  He is a chip of the old block.  Prof. G. W. says he will make things lively for the schoolmarms in a few years and be a pedogogue himself as soon as he is old enough.  THE INDEPENDENT extends most hearty good wishes and congratulations to the happy parents.

[8 January 1885, page 3, column 4] "G. W. Fox is said to have killed the last rabbit in 1884.  He killed it at 11 p.m. Dec. 31st.  It is a wonder it had not been a chicken, as Foxes are
generally more fond of chickens than rabbits."

Esther, GW, Clara, Ethel, unidentified child, Maud, and Ruth

Children of George Washington FOX and Clara Jane MITCHELL:

Harry James Fox , born in Yutan, Saunders, Nebraska, 18 August 1884; died in Oakland, 10 November 1947. Married Mabel Wiedeman. Record of registration for the draft, WWI, says he was born 19 August 1884 and was then living in Bannock County, Idaho. At the time of his wedding (date unknown), he was Deputy County Clerk in Pocatello; married by Rev. Arthur Saunders of the Episcopal Church; "Mrs. E. N. Bingham of Blackfoot officiated at the Piano." (Pocatello Tribune, 25 October).

Charles Wallace Fox, born in Yutan, Saunders, Nebraska, 21 September 1886; died 22 December 1887.

Ethel Elizabeth Fox, born in Iliff (near Sterling), Logan, Colorado, 7 December 1888 ; died in Ellensburg, Washington, 22 April 1982; buried in Tacoma, Washington. Married Linial Rupp, 1 September 1914.

Maud Fern Fox married Norman Elijah Bingham.

Vera Lucille Fox born in Springfield, Sarpy, Nebraska, 11 June 1894; died in Reno, Nevada, 23 November 1964; buried in Burley, Cassia, Idaho. Married James Clarence Gibbs, 11 December 1915.

Esther Luella Fox, born in Millard, Douglas, Nebraska, 16 August 1898; died 18 December 1970. Married Emmett O. Smith, 4 Apr 1919. Cremated.

Ruth Margaret Fox, born in Boulder, Jefferson, Montana, 1 September 1906; died 15 March 1993. Married Carl C. Hoover, 18 September 1925. Carl died 11 January 1991. Both he and Ruth were cremated.

Anthony Wayne Fox, born in Ohio (probably Cuyahoga County), 20 April 1828, probably the son of Aaron  and Susan (Alberd) Fox; died in Genoa, Nance, Nebraska, 5 April 1901;  married in Cuyahoga, 27 August 1850, Julia Marietta Leffingwell, daughter of Daniel and Angelina (Chase) Leffingwell, born in Ohio (probably in Cuyahoga), 23 June 1834; died of consumption in Memphis, Saunders, Nebraska, in the home of her daughter, Alzina, 23 March 1902; buried beside her husband in Genoa.

Anthony's funeral was in the Methodist church.  He was buried in Valley View Cemetery, Genoa, in a section on the southern side of the main gate, 10th row.  An unpublished list of old graves in the cemetery shows the burial, in addition to Anthony, of Thomas Fox (probably Anthony's son), Mrs. Fox (probably Anthony's wife), and Harry A. Fox (unidentified: b. born in Colfax County, Nebraska, died 30 October 1912,  26 yr. 5 mo.)  [This information courtesy Gary Zaruba].

Anthony is said to have been named for General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, 1745-1796. In addition to his exploits in the Revolution, General Wayne commanded government forces in Ohio, 1792-1796, during the war against the "Alliance." The 1850 Census for Ohio shows Anthony Fox, stone cutter, in Olmstead, Cuyahoga, (Census, page 205), living with his in-laws.  Anthony was also counted in 1850 as living with his sister, Wealthy, in Lorraine County, Ohio.

Gary posits the possibility (by correspondence in December 2002) that Anthony and Julia left Ohio about 1855, together Anthony's sister, Wealthy, and her husband, George Cousins, and settled near Peoria, Illinois, where Wealthy gave birth to one of her sons (1856).  The two couples stayed in this location briefly, then removed to Monroe County, Iowa, where there were other Cousins.  Then, in  or about 1859 Anthony and his family joined his brother William in Illinois.

The 1870 US Census for Stephenson, shows [in June 1870]:

    • Anthony Fox, 42, born in Ohio
    • Julia M., 36, born in Ohio
    • Francis M., 19, born in Ohio
    • Alzina O., 17, born in Ohio
    • Aaron, 15, born in Illinois
    • George W., 13, born in Iowa
    • Sarah Jane, 11, born in Illinois
    • Harriet C., 9, same
    • Albert R., 7, same
    • John E., 5, same
    • Mary Ann J., 3, same
    • Alada Alice, 1, same
    • Thomas J., NB, same
Anthony and his family were also recorded in the 1870 Census for Jo Daviess County [September 1870].

In 1880 Anthony and Julia were still living in Jo Daviess County, where the US Census for Berryman shows:

  • Anthony Fox, 52, Ohio/NY/Scotland
  • Julia, 45, Ohio/NY/
  • Albert R., 17, Illinois/Ohio/Ohio
  • John E., 15, same
  • Mary A., 13, same
  • Alice A., 11, same
  • Thomas J., 9, same
  • Martha C., 5, same
  • Phebe R., 2, same
In 1885, the Fox family lived in the Clear Creek precinct, Saunders County, Nebraska, where Anthony owned a farm, valued at $2,000; tilled 40 acres; had farm implements valued at $90, and livestock (horses) valued at $500. At that time, the family consisted of:
  • Anthony Fox, 57, b. Ohio; mother and father born Ohio
  • Julia, 51, same
  • Edward, 20, b. Illinois
  • Alice, 16, same
  • Thomas, 14, same
  • Martha, 9, same
  • Phoebe, 7, same
We find Anthony and Julia again in the 1900 census for Nance County, Nebraska, with only one child, Thomas, 29, who, it is duly noted, was "unable to read or write." According to this report, Anthony was an unemployed farmer; he and Julia had been married forty-eight years, they owned their house (with no mortgage), and had had 13 children, 10 of whom were still living.

The Anthony Fox family bible records the birth of Anthony and his wife, Julia, and thirteen children. Additionally, it records the following deaths:

  • Moses Francis Fox, April 26, 1853
  • Daniel Leffingwell, January 27, 187[9]
  • Susan Fox, May 185[9]
  • Aaron W. Fox, August 10, 1883
  • Alice Moody, July 7, 188-.
  • Albert R. Fox, March 9, 1931
  • George W. Fox, Jan. 25, 193-.
The "Moses Francis" who died in 1853 (per Anthony Fox's Bible) may have been an uncle (or, less likely, a cousin); Susan Fox may have been Anthony's mother. The orthography of the last digit of her death year is identical to that of Daniel Leffingwell, but difficult to decipher -- looks like a "0," but is probably a "9."

Until Summer 2000, we had no knowledge of Anthony's origins, other than somewhat conflicting census data that indicated the birth of his parent in New York or Ohio, and the suggestion (also in census data) that his grandparents were from Scotland.

In 1999, we received correspondence from Robin Bowman (a contract genealogist) and, in early 2000, from Gary Zaruba, suggesting the possibility (based on geographic proximity over time) of a relationship between Anthony and William Mark Fox.

Robin discovered William Mark Fox in Middleburgh, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in the 1850 census with a wife (Ursula Wood), whom he had married 17 July 1849, and his first child, Norman Lewis Fox; then, in the censuses of 1860 and 1870, according to Robin, William Mark was with his family in Jo Daviess County, where we find Anthony in the 1880 census.

Gary tells us that there was a William Fox in the Pleasant census district, Jo Daviess County, in 1850; but this would appear not to be the William M. Fox that Robin and I find that year in Middleburgh, Ohio. Gary goes on to say that he found William M. Fox in Jo Daviess County (Thompson Township) in the 1860 census and Anthony Fox in the same county (in Berryman Township) in the 1870 census [however, though Mary Ann Legris, our cousin, found Anthony in Berryman, Jo Daviess County,  in the 1880 census, she found him in Stephenson County in the 1870 census]. Gary thinks his ancestor, Myron Fox, who was born in April 1854 in Jo Daviess County, was the son of William Mark Fox. Myron married Sophia E. W. Spierling in Mount Carroll, Caroll County, Illinois on 8 February 1873. By 1880, William Mark Fox had removed to Jackson County, Iowa (across the river), but Myron is found in 1885 in Clear Creek precinct, Saunders County, Nebraska, where we also find Anthony. By 1890, Anthony had removed to Genoa, Nance County, Nebraska (Nebraska Gazette), where we find him in the census of 1900. By then, Myron had also removed to Nance County (near Belgrade).  There was also a Leffingwell family in Nance County (Genoa Township) in 1900: Ch[arles], a day laborer, born January 1869 in Ohio (mother born in England); his wife Emma, born July 1875 in Sweden; and two children, Henry (age three) and Frank (age one). The registry of marriages for Nance County shows that Charles D. Leffingwell, 28, born in Ohio, son of Julius and Mary (Lock) Leffingwell, married Emma V. Johnson in Fullerton, 12 October 1896.  Charles D. Leffingwell appears to have been Julia's nephew.

There was also a Lydia Fox, who married John Owen in Freeport, Stephenson County, Illinois in 1842; lived in Stephenson County, Illinois (where the Anthony Fox family was) until 1870; and eventually wound up in Saunders County, Nebraska, where we find the Anthony Fox family in 1885.

Perhaps geography is merely coincidental.  On the other hand, we have definitive proof that the families of three Foxes in question -- William, Lydia, and Anthony -- had familial "knowledge."  For example: Frank Curitan Owen, a son of Lydia (Fox) Owen, married Sarah Ann Mitchell, daughter of George and Elizabeth Ann Vernon (Little) Mitchell, whose daughter, Clara Jane Mitchell, married George W. Fox, son of Anthony.  Then, a few years later, after the death of his first wife, Anthony's son, Albert R. Fox, married Belle E. (Rupe) Fox, widow of William M. Fox's son, Lovel.

In June 2000, Gary Zaruba sent us correspondence containing an "updated" version of a document that he believed to have been written in the 1950's, then given to Agnes Fox McFarlin (a grand-daughter of Myron Fox), who added names and dates during the 1960's and 1970's.  Agnes's daughter-in-law retyped the document in the 1990's to "correct and clarify some of the data."  In turn, Gary added pieces to incorporate conclusions he had reached as a result of information we (Richard Bingham, Mary Ann Legris, and Joyce Silva) and Robin Bowman had supplied.  Unfortunately, the formatting that showed the contributions of various parties disappeared in the e-mail transmission.  However, the opening lines (whether verbatim from the original document or the result of Gary's interpretation is unknown) state:

The family of Fox was separated when the parents died, their home burned with all records and the children were very small. Only known children were William, Liddy (Lydia) and Anthony.
Subsequently, on 22 June 2000, Gary sent us the following snippet, unchanged, from the same document, which he thinks was composed by Mildred Skinner (deceased), Myron's grand-daughter:
Anthony Fox, brother to William and Liddy Fox married.  They had 13 children  Among them a daughter Phoebe Ruth who married Pete Kitner.  The[ir] one son was Willie Kitner and their daughter married Anthony Smith, a brother of Mrs. Will Ward of Big Springs, Nebr.  Myrtle Fox married --- Walker; there was also Bert, Ed, Aaron, Tommy, Elsign, Alice, Mary, Pete And Geo. Fox, all cousins of Myron Fox. Anthony Fox was born in Cleveland Ohio.  Died March 1901 age 75 yrs. at Genoa Nebr.
So, then, there seems to be no doubt that Anthony had at least one sister, Lydia, and at least one brother, William Mark.  The remaining question: who were their parents.

Among the deaths of record in Anthony's bible were Moses Francis Fox (1853) and Susan Fox (1859).  Since these individuals appear not to have been Anthony's children, we had every reason to believe that they were (or may have been) his parents.  The only other vital stats recorded in this Bible are those of Anthony's children and his wife's parents.

On the other hand...

There is a persistent tradition (among descendants of Lydia and William) that the parents of the three siblings both died when their children were very young.

According to Gary (reporting the conclusion of the aforementioned Robin Bowman):

The parents are believed to be Aaron Fox, born abt. 1803 in Vermont. He married Susan Alberd (or Albert), born abt. 1805 in New York.  Bowman obtained this information from William’s second marriage in Jackson County, Iowa.  [She] checked on the Aaron Fox listings in 1850 for New York and none had Susan listed as a spouse.  There were two Aarons listed in [the] 1850 Ohio census, but neither in Cuyahoga county. There was a Susan Fox,living with a group of people in Cleveland, 1st ward, Cuyahoga County, in 1850. The census listed Susan as blind. There seemed to be no relationship of several others living  there, all with different surnames except for one family. Bowman goes on to state that she could not verify that this is the right Susan Fox, but thought it should be noted since Susan might have been living in some type of care home.
A closer examination of this census record shows that Susan Fox, age 45 and blind, was living in the home of Seth W. Abbey and his family (several children and his 81 year-old father).  Other tenants consisted of John Ingersoll and his wife and Laura Benedict and her two daughters.  Ingersoll's occupation was "merchant."  Benedict had an estate valued at $2,000.

If Anthony's parents died while he was an infant, we have then to determine who were the Moses Francis Fox and the Susan Fox he (or more likely his wife) named in his Bible.  However, the fact that Anthony named his first son "Aaron" seems to support Bowman's conclusion.

In Summer 2001, Kathie Harrison gave us the following biography of Lydia Fox, written by Lydia's daughter, Josie Owen Harrison:

Lydia Ellen Fox was born in Cleveland, Ohio on June 11, 1825. She had four sisters, Alzina Beebee, Adeline, Wealthy and Mary. (Alzina's married name must have been Beebee); Wealthy married a man by the name of Cousins; Adeline died apparently when very young, and my mother cannot remember the name of Mary's husband. She had three brothers -- Louis Fox, who was drowned at the age of 16, in Ohio. William Fox, who lived the latter part of his life in Iowa, and who died in 1909 at the age of 93. Anthony Fox, who lived to be past 70 years of age and who passed away at Genoa, Nebraska.

Her father's name was Aaron Fox, who died rather young, leaving a wife and eight children, all small; three of the youngest being given to families to raise. My Mother being given at the age of nine, to this family "Cal Giddons", after which they came from Ohio to Freeport, Illinois. This is the man my father came to work for and stayed for three years. Our family was seven boys and five girls. They lost one boy and raised eleven children to adulthood.

My Mother [i.e., Lydia (Fox) Owen] passed away March 29, 1909, at the age of 84 years, 5 months, 6 days. She lived 3 months, 12 days, of a longer life than my Father. They were married nearly 62 years. They are both laid to rest in the Ashland, Nebraska, cemetery

Though Dr. Zaruba tells us that Lydia's account has some inaccuracies -- as if genealogies were not replete with error -- it does seem to confirm at least one of the "family traditions."  We might assume that the "Susan Fox" in the Anthony family Bible was Anthony's mother, but, then are left to wonder about "Moses."  The most likely conclusion (barring evidence to the contrary) is that Moses was Aaron's brother (hence, Anthony's uncle), who may have taken on Anthony and, perhaps, other Fox children when Aaron died, leaving a blind widow incapable of raising her young children alone.

On the business of family tradition:  Joyce (Ruth, George, Anthony) and Mary Ann (Nellie, John Edward, Anthony)  both independently spoke to me of Anthony's "Indian heritage" -- first I had heard of it.  Said Mary Ann: "Whenever Nell mentioned the Indian connection she referred to Anthony as being a half-breed whose Mother was a full-blood which made J. Ed a quarter and eligible for hunting and fishing privileges on the reservation.  J. Ed was a great fisherman -- many of his catches were mounted and hung in the Pocatello Sporting Goods Store. ...  J. Ed always hunted and fished on the Fort Hall Reservation."

 Notice of Anthony Fox's death appeared in the Ashland Gaxette, April 12, 1901 (p. 5, col. 4)

    "Anthony Fox, an old time resident of Saunders County, died at his home at Genoa, Nance County, on Saturday  last. Mr Fox moved to Nance County from near Ashland about 12 years ago. He was well advanced in years. He was the father of Mesdames J. Hayen and W. F. Clark of Clear Creek precinct and of Prof. G. W. Fox of Benson, Nebraska."
Notice of Julia (Leffingwell) Fox's death appeared in the Saunders County Journal,  March 27, 1902   (p. 5. col. 4)
    "Grandma Fox died Sunday morning at the home of her daughter, Mrs. G. Havrin, in Clear Creek precinct, aged 70 years, 10 months. Funeral at U. B. Church Monday and the remains were shipped to Genoa, for interment."
We have two obituaries for Julia:

From the Ashland Gazette, 28 March 1902:

    "Mrs. Julia Marietta Fox died on March 23 of consumption at the home of her dauther, Mrs. Hayen, seven miles north of Ashland.  Mrs. Fox's maiden name was Leffingwell.  She was born near Cleveland, Ohio, June 23, 1832.  She was married to Anthony Fox August 27, 1847,  in Ohio where she lived a few years, then moved to Illinois, residing there until about nineteen years ago, when they moved to Nebraska.  Thirteen children were born to them, seven girls and six boys, three of whom, Alice, Aaron, and Frank preceded her to the spirit land.  Mr. Fox died April 6, 1901.
    "Mrs. Fox was a good and kind woman, a loving mother and a good Christian, having been a member of the Methodist Church for fifteen years.  Her merits were best known to the members of her own household, where her untiring energy and devoted care make her loss deeply felt.  She was always of a cheerful disposition and made many frients.
    "The funeral was held at the United Brethren Church in Memphis on Monday, the Rev. J. W. Lewis conducting the services.  Her remains were sent to Genoa, Nance County, to be buried by the side of her husband.
    "The remaining children of Mrs. Fox are: Mrs. Alzina Hayen, Memphis, Mrs. Mary Clark, Ashland, Geroge Fox, Benson (Omaha), Albert Fox, Valparaiso, Mrs. Harriet Harrington, David City, Edward Fox, Columbus, Mrs. Martha Anderson, New Albany, Kansas, Mrs. Ruth Kitner, Genoa, Mrs. Jane Campbell, Monroe, Thomas Fox, Lincoln."
From the Genoa Leader Times, 28 March 1902
    "Mrs. Julia Fox, widow of the late Anthony Fox, died at her home of her daughter, Mrs Haynes, near Memphis in Saunders county, this state, last Sunday morning at nine o'clock.
    "Funeral services were held at the Methodist church in Memphis Monday afternoon and the remains brought to Genoa Tuesday and buried by the side of her husband who died one year ago.
    "Mrs. Fox was born in Ohio 70 years ago where she married and where some of her children were born. Thirteen years ago Mr. and Mrs. Fox came to Nance county and settled on a farm near Genoa. Later on they moved to town where they resided until the death of Mr. Fox, when the deceased went to Saunders county to reside with one of her daughters. Since the death of her husband Mrs. Fox commenced to decline.  Never in the best of health the death of her husband hastened the end, and her case rapidly developed into quick consumption. Many years ago deceased united with the Methodist church, and it was her faith in Christ and the hope beyond the grave she would meet the husband and children who preceded her, that sustained her gentle spirit as the hour approached for the last farewell on earth to her loved ones. She felt that the parting was only temporary; that beyond that mysterious river, which all humanity must some day cross to a brighter shore on the other side, there would be a joyous reunion.
    "Mrs. Fox had more than her share of worry and trouble that come to most women. She was the mother of thirteen children- six boys and seven girls. Three times during her life she has stood at the bier of loved ones suddenly cut off in the hour of health by accident.  The first to precede her was her first born - Frank - who was drowned in Ohio. The next to follow was John [i.e., Aaron] who was killed by a B. & M. train while crossing the track at Ashland this state. The next victim was Alice, one of seven daughters, who was accidently shot in Custer county.
    "All the children, with the exception of a daughter living in Missouri, were present at the funeral. They were:
"G.W. Fox residing at Benson, this state,
"Albert of Valparaiso,
"Edward of Columbus,
"Mrs. S. J. Campbell of Monroe,
"Mrs. Mary Clark of Ashland,
"Mrs. R.T. Herrington of David City,
"Mrs. Haynes of Memphis,
"Mrs. Peter Kitner of Genoa
Curiously, neither of the foregoing obituaries mentions daughter Myrtle Frances (Walker) of New Raymer, Colorado.  The second obit notes the death of "her first born - Frank - who was drowned in Ohio."  Mary Ann Legris has posited the possibility that this "Frank" is the Moses Francis whose death (in 1853) is recorded in Julia's Bible.  On the other hand, Julia's first born after marriage to Anthony was Frances Myrtle, who was still alive, in New Raymer, in the 1930's.  Note, if you will, that Frances Myrtle was born (8 April 1851) just 8 months, 11 days after the marriage of her parents (27 August 1850).
Children of Julia M. LEFFINGWELL and Anthony Wayne FOX:
Frances Myrtle Fox, born in Cuyahoga, 8 April 1851, married a Walker, 24 December 1899, and relocated (eventually) to New Raymer, Weld, Colorado, where she was living in 1931.

Alzina O. Fox, born in Cuyahoga, 6 December 1853; married Albert Wesley Frederick in Carroll County, Illinois, 19 December 1869 [Vol. B., page 17].  Subsequently married G. Hayen (Hayes, or Havrin), with whom we find her living in 1902 in Memphis, Saunders, Nebraska.

Aaron W. Fox , born in Illinois, 27 March 1855; died in Nebraska 10 August 1883. He married Mary E. Mitchell, Clara Jane Mitchell's older sister, at the home of their father, George Mitchell, 22 October 1881. Shown in the 1880 census as living in Clear Creek, Saunders, Nebraska: 25 years old, mother and father born in Ohio; a farmhand for the Wood family. Mary E. was commonly known as "Nellie."  Her middle name may have been Eleanor or Ellen. Mary Ann Legris, granddaughter of Edward J. Fox, tells the following story, told to her by her mother: "Aaron and another man loaded a wagon with hay and headed out to deliver it. Nellie and the baby (less than one month old) stayed with Clara Jane. As the wagon drove away Clara turned to find Nellie crying. Clara told her not to be a silly goose as Aaron was only going to be gone a day. Nellie cried harder and said she would never see him again. The wagon was hit by the train and Aaron was killed outright" (10 August 1883).  An account of the accident follows:

The Independent, Wahoo, Nebraska, Thursday, August 23, 1883, Page 3, col. 5

Aaron Fox Run Over by the Cars and Instantly Killed
From the Ashland Gazette
     This town was thrown into excitement last Friday morning by the report that a man had been run over and killed by the cars at the depot crossing.  Soon large crowds went to the scene and found the report too true.  About one hundred yards south of the depot, and a short distance from the water tank was the dead and mangled body of Aaron Fox.  On the opposite side of the track was the running gear of the wagon almost broken into splinters, while near the crossing was the bed of the wagon.  The track for some distance was strewn with the blood of the victim.  Upon investigation it was found that the head had been crushed out of ____ semblance and nothing of it remained but the scalp.  A part of the skull containing an eye and the upper jaw bone were found beside the track, while the splintered rails bore evidence that the body had been dragged over them as pieces of his clothing were fastened to the splinters.  It was a sickening sight and will not soon be forgotten by those who saw the disfigured body.  From an eye witness of the sad affair, it seems that a special train bearing an excursion party of KnightsTemplar en route for San Francisco to attend the conclave in that city, came thundering down past the depot at a high rate of speed and as the engineer failed to ring the bell the rapid approach of the train was not noticed by the deceased.  Fox, it appears, was standing up in his wagon, unconscious of his impending death and was even warned by Max Swerdberger that the train was coming but he did not hear the the warning and drove onto the track.  The pilot of the engine caught the wagon, but the horses managed to break loose and escaped unhurt.  The body was removed to town and the coroner sent for who did not arrive until Saturday, when the inquest was held.  They returned a verdict that the deceased came to his death by being struck by the locomotive while the same was running at an unusual rate of speed while passing the depot.  The deceased was nearly 30 years of age and was well known in Ashland and vicinity.  He leaves a wife and a child a few weeks old who have the sympathy of this entire community.  The Lincoln Journal says:  After leaving Ashland Mr. Scott, one of the excursionists, passed through the train and collected $120 for the widow of the dead man and on arrival at Lincoln handed it to superintendent Thompson, to forward to the widow with the following note:
     “One hundred and twenty dollars, collection taken up for benefit of family of man killed by Knights Templar excursion train at Ashland.  New York state battalion, commanded by Michigan state battalion, commanded by J. E. Sexton, grand commander.  Big hearted John Scott, collector.  J. E. Sexton, Detroit, Michigan, Charles Bartlett, Elmira, N. Y.”
     These people wished their sympathy conveyed to the bereaved ones, but all who saw the accident state that no one was to blame but the man himself.
     We are sure that the widow of Mr. Fox will fully appreciate this expression of sympathy of the Knights Templar from the east, and will always think kindly of “big hearted John Scott.”

A Card
     To those who interested themselves in caring for the remains of my late husband, Aaron Fox, I wish to express my sincere thanks.  May the “giver of all good” shield and protect you and yours from a similar fate, is the devout wish of
                                             Mary E. Fox

    The following from the Wahoo, Nebraska, Independent [ Courtesy Gary Zaruba]:
    In County Court in and for Saunders County, Nebraska before H. Gilkeson, County Judge.
    In the matter of the estate of Aaron Fox, deceased.
    Mary E. Fox, widow of said deceased, files petition in county court, setting forth that said Aaron Fox, died August 10th, 1883, and that he was immediately preceding his decease a resident of said county aforesaid and left personal property to the value of $100.00 and a widow and one minor child, about eight months old, and prays that George W. Fox, be appointed administrator of said estate.
    It is therefore ordered and adjudged that the 22d day of September, 1883, at 11 o'clock a,m. at
my office in Wahoo, be set as the as the time and place for hearing said matter and that all persons interested may appear at said time and place and show cause why said prayer be not  granted. It is far-
ther ordered that notice of hearing be published in the Wahoo Independent, for three con-
secutive weeks, prior to said time of hearing given under my hand and seal this 5th day of September, 1883.
H. GILKESON, County Judge.
George Washington Fox married Clara Jane Mitchell.

Sarah Jane Fox , born in Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, or in Stephenson County, Illinois, 4 August 1859.  Sarah Jane Fox filed application to marry Michael Campbell in Caroll County, Illinois, 10 Apr 1876.  Michael, according to his gravestone, was born 25 January 1853.  According to Sarah Jane's obituary (as reported by Gary Zaruba, 2 December 2002), she was born in Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, in 1856.  Children:  Polly (1877), married a Stevens; Laura Belle (1879), married a Guiles; Lillie (1881), married a Beckwith; Mabel (1885), married a Larson; Frank (1889).

In 1880, Sarah and her family were living in Jefferson Township, Jefferson County, Illinois.  In Fall 1883, they moved to Ashland, Nebraska, and resided that winter with Anthony and Julia.  The following spring they moved to a farm about three miles northwest of Monroe, Nebraska.  The following year, Spring 1885, they removed to a farm about ten miles north of Genoa, where they resided about six years.  In 1890/1891, the family resided in Woodville Township, Platte County, Nebraska.  Ten years later, in 1900, Sarah and Michael lived in Lost Creek, Platte County, with Lillie, Mabel, and Frank, the two oldest chidlren having left the nest.  Sarah and Michael moved to Genoa in 1919.  Michael died 14 February 1921; Sarah died 4 December 1936.  Both were interred in Valley View Cemetery, Genoa, Nebraska.

Sarah's obituary was published in the Genoa Leader Times, p.1, col. 2.

      "Sarah Jane Fox was born in Albia, Monroe County, Iowa on August 4, 1856 and died at her home in Genoa, Nebraska December 4, 1936 at the age of 80 years and four months.
      "When but six months old her parents moved to Illinois where she grew to womanhood and on April 10, 1875 was married to Michael Campbell to which union were born four daughters and one son. In the fall of 1883 they moved to Nebraska spending the winter in Ashland where her parents then lived and the next spring they moved to a farm about three miles northwest of Monroe, Nebraska. They lived there one year and then moved to a farm in Platte County ten miles north of Genoa where they lived for a period of six years and about 17 years ago moved to Genoa where she lived until called to the heavenly home. She and her husband joined the United Brethren Church in a school house at West Hill about 48 years ago, but later attended the Methodist Church in Genoa, where they placed their membership in January1916 and remained faithful members until called to the Church triumphant. She had loved church and there on the Sunday preceding her death she had attended the church services twice.
      "Her husband having preceded her in death, Feburary 15, 1921, she leaves to mourn her departure
her son Frank of Omaha, Nebraska; her four daughters Mrs. Etta Stevens of Lincoln, Mrs. Laura Guiles of Oregon City, Oregon, Mrs. Lillie Beckwith of Nampa, Idaho, Mrs. Mabel Larson of Genoa, Nebraska; two sisters, Mrs. Myrtle Walker of New Raymer, Colorado, Mrs Ruth Kitner of Genoa; and 18 grand children and 20 great grandchildren and other relatives and friends.
      "Two of her daughters, Mrs. Stevens and Mrs. Larson and her sister Mrs. Ruth Kitner were with her at time of death, her daughter, Mrs. Beckwith of Idaho, arrived shortly after her death.
      "Funeral services were conducted by the Rev. O. W. Strombom at the Methodist Church Monday and she was laid to rest beside the grave of her husband in Valley View Cemetery.
      "Relatives from out of town who attended the funeral were as follows: Lee Campbell of Fort Dodge, Iowa, Mike Campbell of Knerim, Iowa, Ed Campbell of Iowa Falls, Iowa, Frank Campbell of Omaha, Nebraska, Mr. and Mrs. Mike Stevens, Mrs Curtis Murphy and Darlene of Lincoln, Nebraska, Mr. and Mrs. Ollie Fox of Valparaiso.
Harriet Cordelia Fox , born in Illinois, 23 November 1861; married Ransom Herrington in Caroll County, Illinois, 27 December 1879.  In 1902, Harriet and Ransom lived in David City, Butler, Nebraska; in 1931, they lived in Los Angeles, California.   Ranson P. "Harrington" and his family appear in the 1900 federal census for Butler County, Nebraska, as follows (E.D. 5, Sheet 1, line 5, courtesy Gary Zaruba):
Ha[e]rrington, Ranson[m] P. age 41, born July 1858 in Illinois, father born in Indiana, mother b. Nebraska
    wife, Harriet C.  age 39, born November 1860 in Illinois, both parents born in Ohio
    son, Ranson[m] B[lain], age 13, born Nebraska
Harriet had had three children, two were still living.
Harriet & Ranson had been married 21 years.
Ranson[m]'s occupation: farmer
Ransom Blain died in Los Angeles 21 December 1958.

Albert Richard Fox , born in Freeport, Stephenson, Illinois, 28 August 1863; died in Lincoln, Lancaster, Nebraska, 9 March 1931. Married Clarinda Towers LaRue, 25 April 1883, in South Bend, Nebraska. 1885 census for Oak Creek precinct, Saunders, Nebraska: Albert, 22, born Illinois; Clarinda [LaRue], 22, born Iowa; Earl, 1, born Nebraska.  Albert and Clarinda were living in Valparaiso, Saunders, Nebraska in 1902; Clarinda died in Valparaiso, 19 May 1925, and was buried in the Valparaiso Cemetery. Albert (Bert) married a second time, toward the end of  February 1926, Belle Emeretta Rupe, widow of Lovel R. Fox.  This marriage ended shortly in separation.  Lovel Fox, died 1920, buried in Albion, Boone, Nebraska, was son of Anthony's brother, William M. Fox.

Obituary, Albert R. Fox After Short Illness: Albert Richard Fox was born August 23, 1862 at Freeport, Illinois, and passed away at Lincoln, Nebraska, at the Bryan Memorial Hospital on March 9, 1931.  He moved with his parents, when a young man on a farm near Memphis, Nebraska.  On April 25, 1883 he was united in marriage to Clarinda LaRue and to this union was born four sons and one daughter:  Earl W. Fox of Ashland, Oliver A Fox and Ross R. Fox of Valparaiso and H. B. Fox of Scottsbluff and Pearl Edith Fox who passed beyond at the age of six years.  He leaves to mourn his loss, besides his children and eight grandchildren, two brothers Ed Fox and George Fox of Pocatello, Idaho, and four sisters Myrtle Walker of New Raymer, Colorado, Dill Herrington of Los Angeles, California, Jane Campbell and Ruth Kitner of Genoa, Nebraska.  His mother, father, three sisters, two brothers and one daughter preceded him in death.  The last four years he had made his home in Ashland, Nebraska.  He was a good neighbor and a kind father, always willing to lend a helping hand.  He will be greatly missed by his many friends and neighbors.  Funeral services were held last Wednesday afternoon from the local Christian Church with Rev. W. L. Goodel of Minden, Nebraska in change.  Burial was in the Valparaiso Cemetery.
Edward John Fox , born in Freeport, Stephenson, Illinois,18 August 1865; died 22 August 1935 in Pocatello, Bannock, Idaho. Married Annie Cora LaRue, 20 November 1890. Bible record calls him "Edward J.," but descendants call him "John Edward."  The 1900 Federal Census for the City of Columbus, Ward 3, Platte County, Nebraska (courtesy Gary Zaruba) shows:
  • Fox, Edward, age 29, August 1870, born in Illinois, both parents born in Ohio
  • Wife, Annie C., age 27, December 1872, born in Nebraska, father born in Ohio, mother in Indiana
  • Son, Lesley L., age 12,  April 1888, born in Nebraska; father's birthplace unknown, mother born in Nebraska
  • Son, George E., age 2, March 1898, born in Nebraska, father born in Ohio, mother, in Nebraska.
  • Edward's occupation: Railroad Fireman
  • Edward and Annie had been married 10 yrs.
Leslie was the son of Edward's unfortunate sister, Alice (see below).  Says Mary Ann Legris (Edward's grand-daughter): "No one has ever known who Leslie's father was - or if they knew ... it was never made known to the rest of the family."  George E. (for Eddy) was the son of Annie Cora's sister, Lily Belle (LaRue) Kinney.  According to Mary Ann:  Lily had tuberculosis and died a few weeks after Eddy was born. George Kinney (the father) returned to Ohio and left Eddy to be raised by my grandparents (Edward and Annie C. Fox).  Eddy died of tuberculosis  about age 45 in the TB Sanitorium in Boise, Idaho.  Edward and Annie had one child while living in Columbus: Daniel Frank, b. 26 October 1908, who died the next day.  Their next child, Mary Ann's mother, Nellie, was born in Valparaiso in 1910.

Maryann J. Fox , born in Loran, Stephenson, Illinois, 5 July 1867; died in Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska, 28 December 1902. Married W. Ferrell Clark. Obituary: "Mary A. Fox was born at Loran, Illinois, July 5, 1867. She came to Nebraska about 20 years ago and lived in this vicinity since that time. In November 1883, she was married to William S. Smith, who died December 11, 1892. She was married to W. F[arel] Clark April 2, 1893. Her death occurred Sunday morning at her home north of Ashland. She leaves a husband and five children, also five sisters and four brothers. The interment was made in the Ashland cemetery on December 29. The funeral service was conducted by the Rev. L. A. Hussong of the Christian Church."   Maryann J.  has four of her five children by her second husband -- Frankie (a daughter), John, Theodore Farrell (born in Ashland, 21 June 1900; died in Ogden, Utah, 14 May 1976; married Alice Virginia Swanson), and Eva.

Alice Alada Fox , born in Stephenson County or Jo Daviess County, Illinois 28 July 1869; died in Saunders, Nebraska, 10 July 1889 (7 July according to Julia's Bible). Alice appears to have married an Emmit about 1887 or before, but no record of the marriage has been found, and the presumption that it happened is based on a certificate, issued in Custer County, Nebraska, 7 October 1888, for the marriage of Joseph Moody to Alice Emmit, daugther of A. Fox and Julia Leffingwell.

Lacking proof for the marriage to Emmit, we might hold out for the possibility that "Emmit" in the Moody certificate was a clerk's error for "Alada."

Story told to Mary Ann Legris, granddaughter of J. Edward. Fox, by her mother (Nellie Fox McCaskill): Alice had a son Leslie (14 Apr 1888) out of wedlock. She was sent to live with Mike and [Sarah] Jane Campbell. A bit of matchmaking went on and she married the farmer on the adjacent farm. It was thought that his name was Ewing (but perhaps it was Moody). One morning when Alice was stoking the fire in the cookstove she paused to see if the fire would catch and heard some choking sounds from the baby. She darted back into the bedroom and discovered her husband choking the baby. She still had the poker in her hand and she hit Moody (or Ewing) over the head with it. He dropped the baby and ran. She wrapped up the baby, got on her pony and rode to her sister's house. Leaving the baby with Jane and, against her sister's advice to wait for the men to return from the fields, she returned to her home to get clothing for the baby. A young boy herding cattle into a pasture on a small rise across the road from her farm heard a horse and saw her dismount the pony, lead him through the gate, and turn the latch to the gate. As she turned, her husband stepped out from the bush and shot her in the chest with a shotgun, placed her body next to the gate and covered her chest and face with her apron. The young boy ran back to his home and told his mother of the shooting. She rang the dinner bell to call the men in from the fields. A posse was formed -- Ewing's [Moody's]  body was found about twilight in a shallow pond of water (7 July 1889). Jane and Mike were not able to keep the baby Leslie and he was sent to Anthony and Julia. She cared for him with great difficulty because she suffered from arthritis. When Anne LaRue and J. Ed. Fox were married, they took this child and raised him. Leslie moved to Idaho were he worked for the O.S.L. Railroad as an engineer. He was married and had an adopted son. He was in an automobile accident and died the next day from a cerebral hemorrhage caused by a glass splinter from the windshield (20 June 1929). J. Ed. took Les's wife and her child to her family in Oelwien, Iowa, and Les was buried in Oelwien. His widow died not long afterwards from cancer. Her family raised the child.

On 21 June 2003 we received information from Gary (Z) and Mary Jane (L) that confirmed the substance of Nellie's story, but amended some important details, to wit:  Alice had been sent to live, not with with her sister, Sarah Jane Campbell, but with her sister Harriet C. and brother-in-law Ransom Herrington, who lived on a farm/ranch about seven miles east by southeast of Westerville, Custer County, Nebraska.  A bachelor (Joel A. or Joseph M. Moody) lived near the Herringtons; he married Alice in the Herrington home on 7 October 1888.  Joel (or Joseph) Moody murdered Alice 10 July 1889 at the home of Squire G. D. Rose, who lived near the Herringtons.  According to the Custer County Republican, Alice and Joel separated on 6 July and Alice went to stay with Harriet.  According to Zaruba, the paper reported that the couple had not lived together agreeably since winter, and the two parties had agreed to meet at Squire's place, 11 July, to divide their property.  At that time, Joel (Joseph) asked Alice to remove with him to Washington (state).  When Alice refused, according to reports, Joel shot her twice, then later shot himself.  G. D. Rose's son witnessed the murder.

As to the Alice's murder, we have the following news extracts, courtesy Dr. Zaruba:

THE OMAHA DAILY BEE  (Evening ed.)Thursday, July 11, 1889 (page 5, column 3)
Murdered His Wife
    Ansley, Neb., July 11. Joseph M. Mody, living fourteen miles northeast of this place, shot and killed his wife about 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon. She had left him on account of ill-treatment and went to the home of his brother, living about five miles north-east of here. He went there yesterday and, taking a shotgun, shot her in the breast, she dying almost instantly. He has not yet been arrested.

THE OMAHA DAILY BEE   (Morning ed.) Friday, July 12, 1889 (page 2, column 3)
Murdered His Wife
    Ansley, Neb., July 11.  Joseph M. Moody, living fourteen miles northeast of this place, shot and killed his wife about 5 o'clock yes-terday afternoon. She had left him on account of ill-treament and went to the home of his brother, living about five miles north-east of here. He went there yesterday and, taking a shotgun, shot her in the breast, she dying almost instantly. After killing his wife Moody committed suicide by shooting himself through the head.

THE OMAHA  DAILY HERALD Friday Morning, July 12, 1889 (front page, column 1)
Joel Mooney Murders His  Divorced Wife and Then Takes His Own Life Near Broken Bow
Joel Mooney Kills His Divorced Wife and Cheats the Gallows
    Broken Bow, Neb., July 11.- [Special to The Herald] Joel Mooney. a farmer living eight miles east of Ansley, killed his divorced wife at his house some time yesterday afternoon. Her body was found last night and a search this morning revealed the fact that Mooney had committed suicide immediately after the murder. His body was found about  100 yards from the house. The coroner's inquest is now in session.

THE OMAHA REPUBLICAN Friday Morning, July 12, 1889 (front page, column 3)
Moody, the Ansley Wife Murderer, Suicides After His Terrible Deed of Monday
A Murderer Suicides
    Ansley, Neb., July 11. -[Special]- J.M. Moody, who killed his wife yesterday, finished up the work by killing himself. His body was found this morning in the hills, near the place where he murdered his wife, with the top of head blown off. He had used the same shot gun to kill himself that he used on his wife. Jealousy is now assigned as the cause of the deed. The wife was buried today and he will be buried to-morrow. Both parties were well connected.

Listed the deaths of Joseph M. Moody and Mrs. Joseph M. Moody, Custer County.

    Dr. Zaruba thinks the story in the Custer County Republican (11 July 1889, "Joel Moody Murders His Wife and Blows Out His Own Brains") more likely to be accurate in specifics than the Omaha papers.  Alice appears to have been interred in the Kingston (Liberty) cemetery, about eight miles east by southest of Westerville [This information from Gale Moody, Joel Moody's great-nephew, courtesy Dr. Zaruba].

Thomas J. Fox , born in Illinois, 27 August 1870; living in 1902 in Lincoln, Lancaster, Nebraska; died abt. 1905.

Martha C. Fox , born in Illinois, 3 July 1874; married --- Anderson; living in 1902 in New Albany, Wilson, Kansas.

Phoebe Ruth Fox , born in Illinois, 21 September 1876. Marriage, Nance County, Nebraska: Fox, Phebe Ruth, born Illinois, married Peter J. Kitner on January 1, 1896, at the Methodist Church in Genoa, J. W. Miller, Pastor. Witnesses: W. A. Bussel and Ed Curry. Peter's parents were Peter and S. E. (Mason) Kitner.  Ruth and Peter were both buried in Value View Cemetery, Genoa, Nebraska.

Aaron Fox, married Susan Albert (or Alberd).  Identification of Susan's surname provided (hypthetically) by Bowman.

Conundrum: We have no reason to doubt the identity of Anthony's father (Aaron), who is named in Lydia's biography (supra), but Lydia does not give us the name of her mother.  This information has been supplied (correctly or not) by Bowman.  Lydia states that, on the death of Aaron, the three youngest children were "given to families to raise."  The three youngest would appear to have been Lydia (1825), William (1826, unless Lydia is correct in saying he was 93 when he died in 1909), and Anthony (1828).  If the date of Lydia's birth is correct and if she was placed with another family when she was nine, her father, Aaron, would have died in or a bit before 1834.  According to Bowman, Aaron was born in Vermont about 1803, in which case he would have died at or before age thirty-one.  That means that he sired Lydia when he was, maybe, twenty-two.  However, if he had five children before Lydia he would had to have begun propagating before age seventeen.  It is possible, of course, that Adeline, who "apparently died young," and Mary both were born after Anthony, and that both died before the death of Aaron, leaving a family of six children, in which case Aaron could have married Susan, and begun propagating as late as, say, 1822 (i.e., at age nineteen).  Susan, his wife would have been, maybe seventeen.  Whatever the case we are pushing the biological-demographic-statistical envelope -- unless Bowman is wrong in her estimates of Aaron's and Susan's birth dates.  However, if William was born in 1816 (as Lydia's biography suggests), and Susan (Aaron's wife) was born about 1805, as Bowman suggests, Susan would have been just eleven or twelve years old at the time -- an unlikely possibility.  We have here, obvious problems, which (we understand) our cousins Gary Zaruba and Mary Ann Legris are working to solve.

In the 1830 Census for Rockport, Cuyahoga County, we find Aaron Fox in a household of nine consisting, presumably, of himself (age 30 to 39), his wife (age 20 to 29), and seven children -- one boy and two girls under five; one boy and one girl between five and and nine, and one boy and one girl between ten and fourteen years of age.  Assume, for the sake of argument, that this census data is accurate, and this Aaron is the father of our Anthony.   The discrepancy between Lydia's biography (naming eight children) and the census (which shows seven) is easily explained:  either Louis or Adeline died before 1830, or one of the daughters was born after 1830.  So, then, knowing with certainty only the birth dates of Lydia and Anthony, we can conclude the following:

(1)  Aaron Fox was born in or before 1800
(2)  His wife was born after 1800, but probably not long after.
(3)  In 1830, they had three sons:  one under five (Anthony, born 1828), one between five and ten (probably William), and one between ten and fifteen (probably Louis).
(4)  In 1830, they had four daughters:  two under five, one between five and ten (Lydia, barely five), and one between ten and fifteen.
Thus, we would have the following birth order:
1.  Louis (or a daughter)
2.  A daughter (or Louis)
3.  William
4.  Lydia
5.  A daughter (or Anthony)
6.  Anthony (or a daughter)
7.  A daughter
8.  A daughter (born after the census)
If this birth order is correct, Lydia would not have been one of the three youngest.

However, subsequent research, mostly conducted by Gary Zaruba, with the assistance of Mary Ann Legris, suggests the following birth order:

1. William (1816)
2. Alzina (1817)
3, 4, and 5.  Louis, Mary, and/or Adeline
6. Lydia (1825)
7. Anthony (1828)
8. Wealthy (1830)
The notion that Aaron's wife was Susan Albert [or Alberd] comes to us by way of Robin Bowman.  The record of deaths in Anthony's Bible seems to confirm the "Susan" part, but fails to give us a surname.  The notion that Aaron died "early" and the family split as a result is based on family tradition, supported (apparently) by Josie's biography of her mother (Lydia).  There is, however, another possibility that may be worth considering.  In the 1840 census for Brecksville (Cuyahoga), Ohio, we find a record for "Mrs. A. Fox" (obviously a widow) with the following household members -- one male, 10 to 14 (Anthony?); two males, 15 to 19 (Louis and William?); two females, five to nine (perhaps children seven and eight, as listed above?); one female, 10 to 14 (another daughter?); one female, 15 to 19 (Lydia?); and one female, 40 to 49 (Aaron's widow?).  There are seven children in this list; Aaron had eight, but remember, according to Josie/Lydia, one daughter (perhaps the first) "died young."  Also if the 1830 census data for Aaron is correct, his widow should have been between 30 and 39 in 1840 -- but, then, census data is not always absolutely reliable.

Children of Aaron and Susan Alberd:

William Mark Fox, born in Cuyahoga, Ohio, about 1826 or in Herkimer, New York, about 1816; died 1915-1917, age 89, or (according to Lydia's biography) in 1909 at age 93.  According to the record of his second marriage to Ester Baty, Feb. 1, 1894, Jackson County, Iowa, Book I, page 200 (1880-1896), William he was born not in Frankfort, Herkimer, New York, about 1816. He married Ursula Wood in Cuyahoga, 7 July 1849.  Ursula died 17 November 1893, age 62 years, four months, eighteen days; William married Esther Baty, February 1894, in Baldwin, Jackson, Iowa.  William and his family appear in Middleburgh, Cuyahoga, in the 1850 census; in Berryman, Jo Daviess County, Illinois, in the 1860 and 1870 censuses; and in Monmouth, Jackson, Iowa, in the 1880 census.  William served twice as a soldier: in the Mexican War (1846-1848) and again in the Civil War (1861-1864).  By Ursula, he had twelve children:  (1) Norman Lewis Fox, b. 1850 in Cuyahoga, died 10 February 1943; buried in Albion, Nebraska;  married in Illinois Mary Jane Frederick.  (2) Lucy Ann Fox, born 1 August 1852 in either Ohio or Illinois; died in Anamosa, Jones, Iowa, 30 December 1926; married Samuel Woodward, 29 January 1872, in Madison, Jones, Iowa; married (2) Franklin Brutsman in Madison, 22 December 1883; married (3) Joseph Yarington in Iowa, abt 1893. (3) Myron Junior Fox, b. in Berryman, 12 April 1854; died in Belgrade, Nance, Nebraska, 17 January 1927; married Sophia Elisa Wilhemina (Elizabeth) Spierling, 8 February 1873, in Mt. Carroll, Carroll, Illinois; Elizabeth died 6 April 1936.  (4) Franklin Aaron Fox, born in Berryman, 1856; died 1918; married with three children.  (5) Liddy (Allen) Ellen Fox, born in  Berryman, 7 January 1858; died 27 July 1939; married Al Dixon in Illinois; five children.  (6) William Elijah Fox, born in Berryman, 1 January 1860; married and had four children, but was living with his sister Lucy and her family in Madison, 1880. (7) Charles Edward Fox, born in Berryman, Jo Daviess, Illinois, 20 January 1862.  (8) Emma Jane Fox, born in Berryman, 22 April 1866; married (---) Jones and had five children, one of whom (Leroy) died in World War I.  (9) Amos Edward Fox, born in Berryman, 29 March 1868; died 11 February 1969.  (10) Susan Maria Fox, born in Berryman, 15 March 1873; married (---) Wheeler, by whom she had five children. (11) Mary Elizabeth (May) Fox, born in Berryman, 15 February 1873; married (---) Stevens, by whom she had five children.  (12) Lovell Richard Fox, born in Berryman, 28 January 1876; died 24 November 1920; Buried in Albion, Nebraska, cemetery; married Belle Emmeretta Rupe in Lison, North Dakota, 7 November 1904, by whom he had six children.  Belle married Lovell's cousin, ALbert Richard (Bert) Fox, in 1926, but later separated.  The foregoing information on William and his children is courtesy Gary Zaruba.  We found William, his wife, and his first child (Norman) in the 1850 census for Middleburgh (folio 178).  According to this record, dated 19 September 1850, William was a laborer, either 25 or 28 years of age (the second digit is difficult to decipher), and both he and his wife claimed New York as their birth place.

Alzina Fox, born about 1817 (according to the 1850 U.S. census for Lorraine County, Ohio) or about 1813 (according to the 1860 census). Said to have married "a Beebee" (according to Josie's biography of Lydia).

In the 1870 census for Cuyahoga, we found two Beebees, both in Parma.  The records are almost illegible, but it would appear that Alonzo Beebee age 51 (or 54)  married an "Adeline" (or some close approximation thereof) before 1849.  We are unable to deciper Adeline's age from this record.  Hiram Beebee, age 43, married an an Alzina (or something like it), age 38 (? -- the record is suggestive, but not conclusive) in or before 1856.  In both records, husband and wife are said to have been born in New York, but Adeline and Alzina Fox were both supposedly born in Ohio.

Subsequently, queries to Beebe/Beebee/Bebe message boards (orchestrated by Gray Zaruba and/or Mary Ann Legris) returned two responses:  Alan Henry and Donald Beebe both had Alzina Fox married to Lovel Beebe, and living in 1850 and 1860 in Ridgeville, Lorraine County, Ohio.  According to census returns for 1850, Alzina's sister, Wealthy (age 20), and brother, Anthony (age 24), were living in the Beebe household.

Alan Henry's data for Alzina (as reported to us by Dr. Zaruba, 2 December 2002): Alzina Fox, born about 1817 in New Hampshire, married Lovel Beebe on 23 October 1839 in Loraine County, Ohio.  Lovel was born 30 March 1811 in Waterbury, New Haven County, Connecticut, son of Chester and Marcia (Caulkins) Beebe.  Lovel, a stone mason, died in July 1883 and is buried in Ridgeville Township, Ohio.  In the 1850 census, Lovell's wife is called "Alzina," and her age is given as "33."  In the 1860 census, she is called "Alvina," aged 47.  Children of Lovel and Alzina (Fox) Beebe --  Ellen Beebe, born in Ohio about 1843; Dallas Beebe, born in Ohio about 1845; and Isadora Beebe, born in Ohio, 19 May 1849, died 19 September 1850.  The 1880 census for Lorraine County shows in Ridgeville: Lovel, age 67 (father and mother born in Connecticut) and his wife, Alizna, age 61 (father and mother born in New York).  A Dallas Beebe, marble setter, is found in Cleveland in the 1880 census with wife Emma and children Stanley, Charles, and May.  The Ridgeville Center Cemetary has three Beebe plots, in one of which are buried Lovel, Isdora [Isadora?] and Stanley.  Alzina's burial place has not been discovered.

Adeline Fox, apparently died young.

Louis Fox, drowned in Ohio at age 16.

Mary Fox.  In the Cuyahoga County, Ohio, marriage records, 1810-1872, there is a record of a Mary Fox marrying a William Handerson, 22 October 1849. The date of marriage is about right (for a first time marriage) but there were probably several Mary Foxes of marrying age in Cuyahoga County in 1849.  Caution required here barring recovery of substantiating evidence.

Lydia Fox, born in Cleveland, Ohio, 11 June 1825 [or 13 June 1825, in Sandusky County, Ohio]; died in Memphis, Saunders, Nebraska, 30 March 1909; married John Curitan Owen in Freeport, Illinois, 1842.  John, born in Guildsfield, England (near Wales) 17 August 1818, died in Memphis, 26 February 1903. John and Lydia lived in Stephenson County, Illinois, until 1870, when they removed to Montgomery County, Missouri, where they lived only briefly, moving three or four years later to Memphis.  John and Lydia had eleven children: (1) Edward John Owen, born in Freeport, 8 November 1843, married Matilda Adeline Jane Stubbs.  (2) Albert Richard Owen, born in Freeport,  11 November 1845, married Mary Ann Cashman, born 1 February 1850.  (3) Sarah J. Owen, born in Erin Township, Stephenson County, Illinois, 1848, married (---) Woods.  (4) Mary Ann Owen, born in Erin, 1850, married (---) McGuirk.  (5) Levi Owen, born  in Freeport, 23 April 1852, married Edna Ann Wald, born  1855.  (6) Emma Owen, born  in Erin, 15 May 1854.  (7) Franklin Curitan Owen, born in Pearl City, Stephenson County, Illinois, 5 October 1856, married (1) Sarah Ann Mitchell, daughter of George and Elizabeth Ann Vernon (Little) Mitchell, born 19 October 1861; married (2) Sarah Virginia Curfman, born in Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland, 9 March 1875.  (8) Alzina Henrietta Owen,  born  in Erin about 1860, married Jefferson W. German, born in Cuba, New York, 23 November 1851. (9) Thomas Edison Owen, born in Stephenson County, 9 April 1862, married Cora Florence Sanders, born near Ashland, Saunders County, Nebraska, 7 August 1865.  (10) Rosa A. Owen, born in Freeport, 15 November 1864, married Ella May Harrison, born in Charles City, Floyd County, Iowa, 3 February 1867.  (11) Ellen Josephine Owen, born in Freeport, 13 August 1867, married Herman R. Harrison born in Boone County, Iowa, 30 August 1865.

Lydia's biography, written by her daughte says: "My Mother being given at the age of nine, to this family 'Cal Giddons,' after which they came from Ohio to Freeport, Illinois."

Dr. Zaruba writes (2 December 2002):

In the "Memorial for Pioneer Women of the Western Reserve" for Rockport, Ohio, is a brief biography for "Mrs Calvin Giddings (Mary Bennett), born in Jefferson county, NY., in 1805; was adopted by an uncle when three years of age and brought to Ashtabula, OH in 1808." She married Calvin Giddings and they lived in Rockport. She had nine boys and at least one daughter, Mrs Giddeon Pease who was the only one of her children living in Rockport in 1896.
There is no evidence that this Cal Giddings ever moved to Stephenson county, IL. . . . Ralph Giddings, author of the  "The Giddings of North America" could not find a Lydia Fox connected to the Giddings family, but he believes there must be a connection. From his Giddings database he supplied the following information that could make part or all of the story correct. He believes Calvin Giddings never moved to Stephenson co., but Calvin's father, the Rev. Harris Giddings and some of Calvin's brothers did migrate to Stephenson county in 1834 and spent the rest of their lives there. There were several Calvin Giddings who were either a son or grandsons of the Rev. Harris Giddings' descendants. Calvin's brother, Jabez named a son Calvin who lived near Freeport, Stephenson county. There was also another Calvin Giddings from Foreston, IL who enrolled in Co. D, 93rd IL Vol. Inf. which organized in Freeport. This Calvin was born 20 Feb 1842 at Freeport, IL and was the son of Sanford Jabez and Permelia (Sheets) Giddings.  Stephenson county land records show that four of Calvin's brothers, Alfred H., Jabez, Sandford Jabez., and Smith H. purchased land tracts in the county between 1845 and 1848.  There were other relatives of Calvin who were purchasing land in the area as early as 1841. Ralph Giddings has another Calvin Harris Giddings in his database who married Charlotte Story April 11, 1848/9 in Elvira, Cuyahoga county, OH. They had two daughters, Ellen and unknown name.

Perhaps there is not a connection between one of these Giddings families and Lydia Fox, but the dates, migration to Stephenson county and the absence of a Giddons family in Cuyahoga and Stephenson counties gives strong support to the assumption.

Anthony Wayne Fox, married Julia Leffingwell.

Wealthy Fox, born about 1830, married George Cousins, son of Jacob and Sallie Ann (McKellip) Cousins, 4 August 1851.  A Cousins researcher (Betty Ralph) discovered that some of her ancestors had relocated from Lorraine County, Ohio, first to Illinois (about 1854) where one son was born, then  to Monroe County, Iowa about, where George's parents and brother, William, had settled about 1855.  In the 1870 census for Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, there is a George Cousins, working as a railroad engineer, his wife, Wealthy, age 40, and children: Lucius (16), Lovell (12), Lucinda (10), Ada [Addie] (6), and George (2).  This family was in Adair County, Missouri, when the 1880 census was taken, with George (50), Wealthy (50), Ada (16), George (11) and Sylvia (7).  Zaruba/Legris searched the Monroe County website in which they discovered a marriage record for Lucius Cousins to Rhoda E. Cox, 23 October 1875; a marriage record for Lovell Cousins to Ida Book (or Boak), 30 July 1877; and the death of Lovell, Lovell's two-year old son, 3 September 1880.  In the 1900 census, George Counsins is recorded twice: (1) age 69, living in the home of his brother, William, with his daughter, Addie May, age 39, and his mother Sallie, age 89, and (2) with his son Lovell and family in Guilford Township, Monroe County.  George was then a widower, meaning that Wealthy had died before 1900.

Clara JaneMitchell, daughter of George and Elizabeth Ann Vernon (Little) Mitchell, born in Eden Township, La Salle, Illinois, 30 June 1864; died in Oakland, Alameda, California, 24 May 1955. She married in Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska, 15 July 1883, George Washington Fox, son of Anthony Wayne and Julia M. (Leffingwell) Fox , born in Iowa; 23 November 1857; died in Oakland, 25 January 1935.

Obituary: "Clara Jane Fox, 91, a resident of Pocatello for 20 years, died May 24 in Oakland, Calif., it was learned today. She was born June 30, 1864, in Eden, Illinois, a daughter of George and Elizabeth Mitchell. The family moved to Nebraska when she was quite young. She married George W. Fox in 1883, and continued to make her home in Nebraska until 1902 when they came west to Montana and finally settled in Pocatello, residing here from 1911 to 1931. The last 24 years she has lived in Oakland. Survivors include five daughters, Mrs. Ethel Rupp, Tacoma, Washington; Mrs. Maude Bingham, Blackfoot; Mrs. Lucille Gibbs, Montpelier; Mrs. Esther Hettler, Oakland, Calif.; Mrs. Ruth Hoover, Reno, Nev.; also nine grandchildren and thirty-four great grandchildren. Her husband died in 1935 and one son, Harry J. Fox, Oakland, in 1949. Funeral services were conducted May 27 at the Fruitvale chapel of the Clarence N. Cooper Mortuaries. Burial was in Mountainview cemetery, Oakland."

Joyce Silva (daughter of Ruth) has graciously supplied us with a copy of her Aunt Ethel's brief autobiography and much longer "Life and Times of Clara Jane Mitchell Fox," from which we have extracted salient features of her life and that of her husband. George W. apparently courted and married Clara Jane in Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska. After the death of their second child (Charles) George and Clara relocated to Iliff, Colorado (on the North Platte River, about ten miles northeast of Sterling), where George taught "a little school." George and his family returned to Eastern Nebraska (Valparaiso) about 1891, then moved on to Springfield, where they remained for about six years, during which time George and Clara affiliated with the Methodist church. They removed to Millard in 1896, and to Benson (a suburb of Omaha) in 1899, where George served as school principal. The family relocated to Boulder, Montana, about 1902, and to Soda Springs, Idaho in 1907. George gave up teaching in 1908 to sell life insurance and removed to Pocatello, Idaho, about 1911, thinking he could do better there with his insurance work. In 1916, George and Clara bought their first home in Pocatello (653 North Arthur), which they sold in 1932 when, to escape the cold Idaho winters, George decided to relocate to California, where he died in 1935; Clara died there in 1955.

George Mitchell, son (it is thought) of William, born in Hunmanby, Yorkshire, England, 22 August 1834; died in Cozad, Dawson, Nebraska, 25 October 1899. He married in Polo, Ogle, Illinois, 24 November 1859, Elizabeth Ann Vernon Little , daughter of Jessie and Sarah (Richards) Little, born in Cadiz, Harrison, Ohio, 29 October 1836; died in Lexington, Dawson, Nebraska, 6 May 1916; buried in Cozad, 8 May 1916.

Naturalized in Dixon, Lee County, Illinois, 8 April 1868, having renounced his allegiance to Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland; George Mitchell appeared before Hon. --- Mitchell, at which time --- Barnes and John D. Barnes testified that he had resided in the U.S. at least five years and in the state of Illinois at least one year. Attested by B. F. Shaw, clerk of Lee County Circuit Court.

Obituary: "Died, near Cozad, Dawson County, Neb., George Mitchell, one of the first settlers in Clear Creek precinct, this county [i.e., Saunders County, Nebraska]. Mr. Mitchell was born in England in 1833. He came to the United States when eighteen years old, settled in Illinois, and married Elizabeth Little. He moved to Nebraska in 1868 and took a homestead in Sect. 4, Clear Creek precinct. Eleven years ago he went west to get more land for his children. Mr. Mitchell was a [good] Christian man and lived up to [his convicti]ons. He leaves a wife and [ chil]dren to mourn his loss."

The 1850 Census Harrison County, Ohio [p. 265], shows Elizabeth A. Little, age 13, living in German Township with Enoch Tedrow (35), his wife, Julian[a] (35), Rueben Tedrow (15), and George Tedrow (25).  According to this record, Elizabeth, a school girl, was born in Harrison County.  We can only speculate as to why Elizabeth was living with the Tedrows in 1850, rather than with her parents.  We found no census record in Harrison County for  Jesse and Sarah Little, either in 1850 or in earlier decades.

Elizabeth's death certificate, Dawson County, Nebraska, gives her place of birth as Ohio, daughter of Jesse Little (born in Pennsylvania) and Sarah Richards (birthplace unknown). Cause of death: senile debility. Witnessed by J. L. Mitchell. Funeral services were held in the home of the son, Jesse Lincoln Mitchell, at 600 East 6th Street, Lexington, conducted by Rev. E. A. Knight. Interment at Cozad cemetery.

Children of George MITCHELL and Elizabeth Ann Vernon LITTLE:

Sarah Ann Mitchell, born in Illinois, 19 October 1861; died in Sterling, Logan, Colorado, 23 August 1888; married Franklin Curitan Owen in Ashland, Saunders, Nebraska, March 1880.  Note that Sarah and and her sister, Clara Jane, were both in Logan County, Colorado in 1887-1888.  Franklin, born in Pearl City, Stephenson, Illinois, 5 October 1856, was son of John Curitan and Lydia Henrietta (Fox) Owen.  According to Kathy Harrison, John had six children by Sarah Ann: (1) Alvah F. Owen (resided in Caroll, Iowa in 1940), (2) Lester Owen (resided in Grand Island, Nebraska, in 1940), (3) Jesse J. Owen (resided in Washington, D.C. in 1940), (4) Mary Ann Owen, married in Memphis, Saunders, Nebraska, 30 July 1912, Loy J. Gilkeson,  (5) Nellie Owen, died in infancy, and (6) William Owen, died in infancy.

Mary Ellen Mitchell, born in Illinois, 11 June 1863, died in Spearfish, Lawrence, South Dakota, 12 November 1903. Married Aaron Fox, brother of George Washington Fox. 1885 Census of Clear Creek, Saunders, Nebraska: Nellie Mitchell Fox, 23 years old, born in Illinois; a widow and her one year old son George, living with her father, George Mitchell.  On Mary Ellen, Terri Boyd of Orange, California, has reported the following:  "The story I have is that within approximately one year of marriage, Aaron was hit by a train.  Mary Ellen left George to be raised by her parents and ran off with my great-grandfather, William Arthur Clark.  Her parents had forbidden her to marry him as he was wild & reckless (?).  Anyway, they had 7 more children of whom my grandfather was the eldest (Fred Harry Clark).  My grandfather had eight children and eventually settled in northern Idaho."  Mary Ellen married William Arthur Clark in Ogallala, Keith, Nebraska, 16 February 1886.  Her seven children by this marriage were: (1) Harry Fred Clark, b. in Valentine, Cherry, Nebraska, 16 July 1887, (2) Nellie Merle Clark, born in Valentine, 5 January 1890, died in Sandpoint, Bonner, Idaho, 10 February 1961, (3) John Martin Clark, born in Nebraska, November 1891, died in 1905, (4) Lola Alice Clark, born in Ainsworth, Nebraska, 27 February 1893, (5) Horace Lehr Clark, born in Englewood, Lawrence, South Dakota, 30 December 1895, died June 1975, (6) Charles Thomas Clark, born in Englewood, 27 April 1898, and (7) Jean Mary Clark, born in Englewood, 3 March 1901.

Clara Jane Mitchell, married George Washington Fox.

Jesse Lincoln Mitchell, born in Grand Detour, Ogle, Illinois, 26 July 1866.

Elizabeth Alice Mitchell, born in Nebraska 10 September 1868. Married a "Sailing."

Cecilia Fannie B. Mitchell, born in Nebraska, 6 February 1871. Married a "Niles."

Maria Mable May Mitchell, born in Nebraska, 16 May 1874. Married a "Cummings."

George Grant Mitchell, born in Nebraska, 21 May 1878.

William Mitchell

Children of William MITCHELL:

William Mitchell

George Mitchell married Elizabeth Ann Vernon Little.

John Mitchell

Thomas Mitchell

Benjamin Mitchell

Jessie Little married Sarah Richards .

Charles A. Hanna, "Historical Collections of Harrison County in the State of Ohio with Lists of the First Land-Owners, Early Marriages (to 1841), Will Records (to 1861), Burial Records of the Early Settlements, and Numerous Genealogies," Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Company, 1974 (originally published in 1900):  Some Littles (no evidence that they were ours) came into Ohio a bit after 1804 from the Hopewell, Virginia, Monthly Quaker Meeting. Hanna had no Jesse Little in any of his lists; he did, however, note the marriage on 27 Sep. 1829 of one Solomon Little to one Sarah Richard (by Rev. John Secrest).

Children of Jessie LITTLE and Sarah RICHARDS:

Elizabeth Ann Vernon Little married George Mitchell .

Jesse Little

Mary Little

Daniel Leffingwell, born, probably in New York, about 1801, married in Cuyahoga, Ohio, 4 August 1833, Angelina Chase [Cuyahoga County Registry of Marriages]. Daniel died in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, 26 January 1879, age 77 [Cuyahoga County Registry of Deaths (Probate Court), 1:322]

On 28 September 1850, we find Daniel Leffingwell, carpenter, age 49, living in Olmstead, Cuyahoga County, with his wife, Angelina, age 38 (unable to read or write), the four children named below, and Anthony Fox, Julia's groom of one month.  According to this census record, Daniel and Angelina were both born in New York; their children were all born in Ohio; and the value of Daniel's property (presumably his home) was $400.

There is a D. Leffingwell in Dover, Cuyahoga in the 1840 census (page 163), showing in the household two males (one under five and one between 30 and 39) and five females (one under five, one between five and nine, one between fifteen and nineteen, one between 30 and 39, and one between 60 and 69.  If  D. Leffingwell of Dover is the same person as Daniel Leffingwell of Olmstead, there should be some correlation among the bodies.  The one male under five could be Julius; the other male is in the right age range to be Daniel.  The one female under five could be Henrietta; Julia would be the one between five and nine; the one between 60 and 69 could have been the mother of either Daniel or Angelina (more likely the latter, we think).  However, if the woman between 30 and 39 is Angelina, wife of Daniel, her age in one census or the other is misstated by at least two years.  The one female between fifteen and nineteen could not have been Angelina's daughter.  She might have been a sister, Daniel's daughter by an earlier marriage (for which we have found no record), a servant, or a lodger.

We have no certain knowledge regarding the parents of Angelina (Chase) Leffingwell.  However, census data for Ohio presents two possibilities:  From the 1820 census, a Benjamin Chase and a Daniel Chase, both in Bedford, each had in their household one "free white female under ten years"  (Angelina was born about 1812).  We don't find Benjamin in Bedford in the 1830 census, but we do find Daniel, age 40 to 49, with two males (we presume his sons) aged 10 to 14, two females under five years of age (presumable daughters), one 15 to 19 (Angelina?), and one 40 to 49 (presumably his wife).  We find a Daniel Chase in Bedford again in 1840, but with anomalies that we cannot reconcile with the data for 1830.  Of course it is quite possible that Angelina was the daughter of neither Benjamin nor Daniel.

Children of Daniel LEFFINGWELL and Angelina CHASE:

Julia Marietta Leffingwell married Anthony Wayne Fox .

Julius Leffingwell, born in Ohio about 1837; married Mary Lock and had at least one child (Charles D. Leffingwell, supra).  Julius enlisted as a private, 22 October 1861, in Company E, 65th Infantry Regiment of Ohio; he was mustered out of service in Nashville, Tennessee, 16 December 1864.  In 1910, we find a Julius Leffingwell, age 72, in Erie County, Ohio, in the home of William M. Hains.

Henrietta Leffingwell, born about 1839.

Samuel Leffingwell, born about 1841.

Lineage Table